Developmental Milestones: 4 Years
The attention span of a 4 year old has increased dramatically. They can take part and master memory games – although try to keep these short and exciting to ensure you keep their attention. The length and complexity can be increased gradually.
Motivation has become part of their world and easily achievable rewards for creating a finished piece of work is a great confidence booster.
Social development is considered to be the most important area of development for pre-school children so toys that encourage social interaction and skills such as sharing, turn-taking and communication are really good for this age group.
Children are in a lot of control now over their body’s movements, and running and playing is a huge part of their entertainment whilst being great exercise and promotion of a healthy lifestyle from a young age.
Please keep in mind that these milestones are guidelines only, as all children are different and develop at their own pace. Do not be concerned if your child does not perfectly ‘tick all the boxes’ and avoid comparing your child to other children of a similar age. If you are worried that your child’s development is particularly delayed, visit your GP.
Simple activities can be mastered quickly promoting confidence and acting as reinforcers for that activity, thus increasing concentration
They will interested in using levers, buttons or instructions (i.e. press here) and enjoy getting a reaction from the toy
Working out rules and then abiding by them is challenging for this age
Their concentration and ability to focus will be strengthening however they can still get bored quickly
They are wanting to learn and explore the vast world around them. “Why” questions may be frequent and although this may be frustrating after a while, it is a vital part in their learning and understanding of the world, so stay patient and explain as much as you can to them
Lots of physical activity is very important for pre-school children
A lot of behavioural issues especially around sleep and food, that emerge around this age, can be managed and improved by increasing activity levels and free play opportunities
Outdoor play is brilliant at any age but toddlers will love to explore the ground, mud, stones and even insects
They should be able to climb, run, walk up and down stairs and participate in active play
Social play promotes language and communication and 3-4 year olds will love to play within their friendship groups
Children are able to read non-verbal cues and use body language to support the development of their communication skills
Social interaction is particularly key for language development, so making sure children interact with other people regularly will help them to develop socially appropriate communication skills
Children’s motor control is sufficiently developed enough to enjoy basic model making and artistic activities requiring large hand and arm movements
Hand printing and colouring on large areas will promote creativity and make it fun and accessible for children as their fine motor control develops
Glitter, clay and other materials are excellent at creating different effects or shapes. This also helps to promote concentration as a variety of materials will help keep the child’s focus and interest. The messier the better usually works for them!
Children have a growing interest in the features of objects and living things, and talk about what they see
They are curious about how things work, and show an understanding of cause and effect
When constructing they will try out different tools, techniques and materials
3 year olds remember past and future events they have experienced, and describe these to family or friends, expressing feelings about significant events (such as a birthday)
They show an interest in the lives of familiar people, in different occupations and ways of life
An understanding of growth, decay and change over time is developing
They may talk about their environment, and the natural world
As they become more social, children enjoy including others in their imaginative play
Children love to play and this is a great way to support their development and learning. See below for our independently tested and approved toys and apps to support your 4 year old’s development.